What is gum recontouring and reshaping?
Some people have uneven gumlines, or gums that appear too 'high' or too 'low,' which can lead to their teeth having an appearance that they dislike (i.e. too big or too small, respectively). When it comes to cosmetic dental treatments, gum recontouring or gum reshaping (the terms are interchangeable) refers to the procedure that can be used to reshape the gumline to appear more even and could result in a more balanced smile.
What can cause uneven gums?
The answer to this question is difficult to give because there are a variety of factors that can contribute to an uneven gum line. A "gummy smile" refers to gums that cover a large portion of the teeth, making them appear small. It could be caused by genetics, certain health problems, and even prescribed medications.
An insufficient amount of gum tissue, caused by the gum line receding and exposing more of the tooth, can result in the exposure of the root of the tooth. This can result in decay and eventual tooth loss.
Do I need surgery?
Gum contouring or reshaping is a cosmetic procedure that is performed on the gums. Most patients who pursue gum reshaping or recontouring seek to have a more even-looking smile. Gum recontouring or shaping may also be recommended by your dentist as a necessary periodontal procedure. If an uneven gum line is a contributing factor to tooth decay or infection, this is most likely the situation.
How is surgery done?
Your dentist will most likely carry out the gum reshaping and recontouring procedures. They will usually use scalpels, lasers, radiosurgery, and other instruments to carry out the reshaping, and then the common practice is to contour and seal the gum tissue to achieve the desired gum line with the laser. The use of lasers can also aid in the prevention of bleeding from the wound. In the end, lasers can also help to kill bacteria and eliminate the areas in your mouth where they breed, thereby preventing future infections from occurring.
What happens after surgery?
Most dentists will likely recommend that you maintain excellent oral hygiene for the first few weeks after having surgery. Be gentle when brushing and flossing for the first few days after surgery to avoid irritating the surgical area.
After that, you can brush and floss as usual. Excessive exposure to irritants can result in bleeding and infection. If you find yourself with irritation, switch to a soft-bristled toothbrush. Even after everything has been done and healed, to avoid future problems, it is still recommended that you keep up with your oral hygiene. Brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing once a day are recommended.
Use a mild mouthwash that is free of alcohol to kill any pesky germs that may have remained after brushing your teeth. It is critical that the mouthwash be free of alcohol in order to avoid irritating the delicate gum tissue. As previously stated, even when using mouthwash, irritation of the gums can result in bleeding and infection of the gums.